Historic Sabat restored to the old state

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TEHRAN – A historic sabat in the town of Dezful, southwestern Khuzestan province, has been restored to its former state, an official from Dezful municipality said on Friday.

The restoration project aimed to remove threats of total destruction of the centuries-old structure as well as reinforce its walls and roof with cob materials, Iman Hassani said, CHTN reported.

A budget of one billion rials ($ 23,800 at the official exchange rate of 42,000 rials to the dollar) has been allocated for the project, the official added.

Sabat is an arched structure built between opposing buildings on two sides of a narrow street in tropical and desert areas and creates shade and a cool place for passers-by. Due to its semi-covered nature, this structure creates air shades in the summer, which cools the air inside the sabat and in the winter makes the air warmer.

Khuzestan is home to three UNESCO World Heritage Sites of Susa, Tchogha Zanbil and the historic Shushtar Hydraulic System, but it is an area of ​​raw beauty where visitors could spend weeks exploring. The province is also the cradle of crafts and arts that the artisans have inherited from their previous generations.

Located at the head of the Persian Gulf and bordering Iraq to the west, Khuzestan was colonized around 6000 BC by a people having affinities with the Sumerians, originating in the region of the Zagros Mountains. The urban centers appeared there almost at the same time as the first cities of Mesopotamia in the 4th millennium. Khuzestan, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica, came to constitute the heart of the Elamite kingdom, with Susa as its capital.

ABU / AFM


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